The objective of freight governance is to positively influence freight transport operations in respect of their contribution to supporting economic development, improving quality of life for citizens and minimizing environmental impact.
The way in which the Department of Transport in Abu Dhabi organizes itself will influence the effectiveness of the delivery of the Freight Master Plan. Resource will be appropriate to the task, delivered through a balance of Emirati cultural and organizational knowledge coupled with human resource with international experience and in depth technical knowledge of freight governance.
The recommendations of the Plan are implemented through the four P’s - Persuade people to change their behavior, Provide infrastructure and other public services, Pressure people to change their behavior, for example through financial and, as a means of last resort, Prescribe using regulation. Current regulation of the road freight sector falls below international standards. To ensure that progress towards desired behavior is uniformly adopted, it will be necessary to introduce a minimum level of regulation in the interests of safety and fair competition. This regulation must be proportionate and fulfill the DoT’s responsibility to Federal and GCC regulatory requirements as well as to other Abu Dhabi government entities. These regulations will be supported by a series of codes of practice, some of which will be mandatory, others advisory. However, even where regulation is necessary, Persuade, Provide and Pressure will be used to achieve freight industry understanding and compliance. This will tend to reduce the considerable costs that regulation can impose on government.
The various recommendations are often interlinked and have a level of reliance on each other. They should be understood as a whole, rather than individual components. For instance, without regulation on improved truck maintenance and driver training it might be unwise to allow unconstrained truck overtaking.
Planning and introducing new and improved regulations
Regulations are sometimes the best means for securing a desired improvement. However, they impose costs on government and industry and, if poorly conceived, may even have perverse consequences. Hence, there is a need to consider a range of options to achieve the desired objectives for each regulation and to examine the overall costs and benefits of each option through the conduct of impact assessments. Consultation with the freight industry and other stakeholders is an essential part of the regulatory development process to ensure that the design and impacts of regulations are fully considered. DoT has a formal regulatory development process to guide this work. When a regulation is promulgated, ongoing communication is needed to ensure that those affected by the regulation are aware of their obligations. Periodic review and refinement of regulations is also needed to ensure that they continue to meet the identified need in the most effective and efficient manner.